Anatomy of the Axial Skeleton of Vertebrates

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Anatomy of the Axial Skeleton of Vertebrates

Fig. 1 The body of the vertebrates is characterized by the existence of an anteroposterior corporeal axis and a cephalocaudal bipolarization. Head and neck complex—support of the CNS and sensory…

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Cranial Vertebra

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Cranial Vertebra

Fig. 1 Occipital angle of Broca ; horizontalization of the foramen magnum in the skull Fig. 2 Orbito-occipital angle in humans: 10°; monkeys: 30–69°, carnivorous: 63–90° Fig. 3 The lateral…

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Tissues of the Posterior Aspect of the Trunk

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Tissues of the Posterior Aspect of the Trunk

Fig. 1 Once the epidermis removed (SKIN), the superficial adipose tissue (SAT) and deep adipose tissue (DAT) appear, separated by the fascia superficialis (FS) Numerous authors describe it as comprising…

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Vascularization

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Vascularization

Fig. 1 Week 7, the branches of the dorsal aorta are evident in the thoracic region. (1) Visceral ventral segmental branch, (2) visceral lateral segmental branch, (3) intersegmental dorso-lateral branch,…

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Nerves (Innervation of the Spine)

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Nerves (Innervation of the Spine)

Fig. 1 Posterior general view Fig. 2 Posterior view of cervical spinal nerves Fig. 3 Posterior view of lumbosacral spinal nerves Descriptive Anatomy of Spinal Nerves Each spinal nerve is…

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Joints

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Joints

Fig. 1 General arrangement of the pelvic girdle The Pubic Symphysis The pubic symphysis joins both pubic bones and constitutes a fibrocartilaginous articulation of the amphiarthrosis type. The articular surfaces…

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and Spinal Modelling

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on and Spinal Modelling

Fig. 1 3D reconstruction process of the spine: (a) anatomical landmarks are digitized; (b) the initial model is retroprojected on X-rays to allow model adjustments; (c) 3D reconstruction in superior…

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of the Thoraco-Lumbar Facet Joint

Apr 25, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on of the Thoraco-Lumbar Facet Joint

Fig. 1 Embryology : Primary and secondary ossification points of the thoracic (a) and lumbar vertebrae (b). (1) marginal listel or epiphyseal disc, (2) medial primitive point, (3) articular secondary…

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