ORTHOPEDIC

Acute Trauma and Chronic Overuse

May 12, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Acute Trauma and Chronic Overuse

2 Acute Trauma and Chronic Overuse (According to Region) 2.1 Cranial Vault, Facial Bones, and Skull Base Intracranial sequelae of trauma are of paramount concern, clinically and prognostically, when it…

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Rheumatic Disorders

May 12, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Rheumatic Disorders

10 Rheumatic Disorders 10.1 Introduction 10.1.1 Common Pathogenic Features Rheumatic disorders affect primarily the musculoskeletal system, although any organ may be involved. A large number of disorders are subsumed under…

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Acute Trauma and Overuse Injuries: Essentials

May 12, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Acute Trauma and Overuse Injuries: Essentials

1 Acute Trauma and Overuse Injuries: Essentials 1.1 Normal Skeletal Development, Variations, and Transitions to Pathologic Conditions 1.1.1 Normal Skeletal Development Anatomy. Normal skeletal development involves growth and maturation of…

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Miscellaneous Bone, Joint, and Soft Tissue Disorders

May 12, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Miscellaneous Bone, Joint, and Soft Tissue Disorders

11 Miscellaneous Bone, Joint, and Soft Tissue Disorders 11.1 Paget’s Disease Pathology. The etiology of Paget’s disease (synonym: osteitis deformans) is still unknown. Although a viral infection is commonly cited…

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Osteochondroses

May 12, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Osteochondroses

7 Osteochondroses 7.1 Anatomy, Etiology, and Pathogenesis Anatomy. See Chapter 7.1 for anatomy ( Fig. W7.1). “Osteochondrosis” is a very general term which, strictly speaking, means nothing other than “disorder…

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Osteonecroses of the Skeletal System

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6 Osteonecroses of the Skeletal System 6.1 Anatomy, Etiology, and Pathogenesis Anatomy. Bone varies significantly in its composition, depending on age and location. It has an organic matrix, comprised of…

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Bone Marrow

May 12, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Bone Marrow

5 Bone Marrow 5.1 Normal Bone Marrow Bone marrow is divided into two types (with a smooth transition between the two): • Yellow marrow (fatty marrow) has a high fat…

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Metabolic, Hormonal, and Toxic Bone Disorders

May 12, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Metabolic, Hormonal, and Toxic Bone Disorders

8 Metabolic, Hormonal, and Toxic Bone Disorders 8.1 Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to enhanced bone…

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