ORTHOPEDIC

Calcaneus Fractures

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Calcaneus Fractures

KEY FACTS • Calcaneus fractures account for ~ 2% of all fractures. • The calcaneus is the most frequently fractured tarsal (hindfoot) bone. ○ It represents 60% of all tarsal…

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Pediatric Foot and Ankle Disorders

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Pediatric Foot and Ankle Disorders

KEY FACTS • Clubfeet can be idiopathic or syndromic. ○ Initial treatment in almost all cases should be Ponseti casting, even if the patient presents outside of infancy, as casting…

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Metatarsal Fractures

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Metatarsal Fractures

KEY FACTS • Toe and metatarsal fractures are the most common fractures of the foot with an incidence of 140 per 100,000 per year. • The 5th metatarsal is the…

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Hallux Rigidus and Sesamoid Pathology

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Hallux Rigidus and Sesamoid Pathology

KEY FACTS Hallux Rigidus • Hallux rigidus is the most common arthritic condition in the foot. • Hallux rigidus tends to be bilateral, although it is often not synchronous. •…

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Tumors of Foot and Ankle

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Tumors of Foot and Ankle

KEY FACTS • Foot and ankle tumors are relatively rare entities but must be kept in the differential diagnosis of musculoskeletal complaints in that area. • The overwhelming majority of…

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Ankle Fractures

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Ankle Fractures

KEY FACTS • The treatment of ankle fractures is chiefly concerned with mitigating and minimizing the risk of posttraumatic arthritis. • The relative stability of an ankle fracture will ultimately…

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Lisfranc and Midfoot Injuries

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Lisfranc and Midfoot Injuries

KEY FACTS • The midfoot includes 5 tarsal bones: Navicular, cuboid, and 3 cuneiforms (medial, 1st; middle, 2nd; and lateral, 3rd). • Mobile or “essential” midfoot joints include: ○ Talonavicular…

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Amputations

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Amputations

KEY FACTS General • Amputation and disarticulation should be viewed as reconstructive procedures and not a failure of treatment. ○ In this manner, one realizes that it is the initial…

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Navicular and Cuboid Fractures

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Navicular and Cuboid Fractures

KEY FACTS Navicular Fractures • Three types of navicular fractures generally occur: Avulsion fractures, high-energy fractures with other associated injuries, and stress fractures. • Avulsion fractures can generally be treated…

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Tibial Pilon Fractures

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Tibial Pilon Fractures

KEY FACTS • The tibial pilon fracture is a rare, yet devastating injury. ○ Despite the best treatment, patients sustaining high-energy pilon fractures generally do not return to their previous…

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