RHEUMATOLOGY

Board review questions

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Board review questions

Chapter 1 : History of pediatric critical care medicine 1. Treatment for which of the following disease entities was not an important trigger in the early development of distinct, full-time,…

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Hemoglobinopathies

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Hemoglobinopathies

• The pathophysiology of sickle cell disease is multifactorial, involving hemoglobin polymerization, oxidative damage to cell membrane proteins, white blood cell activation and inflammation, activation of the clotting cascade, and…

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Molecular mechanisms of drug actions

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Molecular mechanisms of drug actions

Pearls • Receptors play a central role in determining the nature of the pharmacologic effects produced by a drug. • Most drugs and endogenous compounds (e.g., hormones, neurotransmitters) exert their…

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Airway management

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Airway management

Pearls • Safe management of the critically ill child’s airway requires a comprehensive understanding of the anatomic and physiologic changes that occur from birth through adolescence, advance recognition of congenital…

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Traumatic brain injury

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Traumatic brain injury

Pearls • Complete and rapid physiologic resuscitation is essential to the initial treatment of infants and children with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). • There are many age- and injury…

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Anesthesia effects on organ systems

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Anesthesia effects on organ systems

Pearls • The anesthetic care of ICU patients is an extension of medical and anesthetic management principles employed in the operating room. • Anesthesiologists caring for critically ill children must…

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Pediatric abdominal trauma

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Pediatric abdominal trauma

Pearls • In pediatric trauma, as with all trauma patients, the first priority remains the ABCs: airway, breathing, circulation. • Intubation in children can be challenging and is best done…

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Coagulation and coagulopathy

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Coagulation and coagulopathy

• Traditionally, coagulation has been presented as a set of discrete “intrinsic,” “extrinsic,” and “common” pathways, but this view fails to include the many interactions between pathways, any of the…

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Neuroimaging

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Neuroimaging

Pearls • Multiple imaging modalities are available for evaluation of the brain, head, neck, and spine of the critically ill child. The most appropriate modality depends on consideration of patient…

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Principles of drug disposition

May 20, 2021 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Principles of drug disposition

Pearls • Studies of drug disposition in critically ill children are limited. • Effective pharmacologic therapeutic interventions should focus on choosing the right drug, right time, right dose, right duration,…

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