Autoimmune Encephalitis

Jan 8, 2020 by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Autoimmune Encephalitis

41 Autoimmune Encephalitis Michel Toledano KEY POINTS FOR CLINICIANS        •  Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) describes a group of disorders associated with neural-specific autoantibodies.        •  Antibodies can target either intracellular antigens or extracellular plasma…

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Multiple Sclerosis Genetics

Jan 8, 2020 by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Multiple Sclerosis Genetics

5 Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Bruce A. C. Cree KEY POINTS FOR CLINICIANS        •  Family aggregation and twin studies indicate that heredity contributes to multiple sclerosis (MS) risk.        •  The primary MS susceptibility…

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Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Jan 8, 2020 by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

39 Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Eliza Gordon-Lipkin and Brenda Banwell KEY POINTS FOR CLINICIANS        •  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system that manifests as…

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Transverse Myelitis

Jan 8, 2020 by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Transverse Myelitis

40 Transverse Myelitis Isabella Strozzi and Michael Levy KEY POINTS FOR CLINICIANS        •  Incidence of acute transverse myelitis (TM) is reported at 1.34 to 4.6 new cases per million annually. It…

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Tools and Tests for Multiple Sclerosis

Jan 8, 2020 by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Tools and Tests for Multiple Sclerosis

9 Tools and Tests for Multiple Sclerosis Robert A. Bermel KEY POINTS FOR CLINICIANS        •  Blood tests play an important role in excluding mimics of multiple sclerosis (MS).        •  Spinal fluid analysis…

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Treating Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

Jan 8, 2020 by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Treating Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

15 Treating Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Carrie M. Hersh KEY POINTS FOR CLINICIANS        •  Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is defined by progressive accrual of disability in the absence of relapses.        •  Secondary…

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