PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION

Peripheral Neuropathies

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Peripheral Neuropathies

Abstract Peripheral neuropathies are extremely common disorders and can come in many forms, ranging from single-episode autoimmune conditions, such as Guillain-BarrĂ© syndrome, to slowly progressive conditions without a clear etiology…

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Parkinson Disease

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Parkinson Disease

Abstract Parkinson disease (PD) is a slowly progressive disorder resulting in a decline in motor function and, in some individuals, cognitive dysfunction. The most common initial manifestations of PD are…

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Neurogenic Bowel

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Neurogenic Bowel

Abstract Normal bowel physiology is a complex system that is under the combined control of intrinsic and extrinsic nervous systems that regulate intestinal mucous secretion, blood flow, and motility. Regardless…

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Osteoporosis

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Osteoporosis

Abstract It is estimated that 10 million Americans have osteoporosis and an additional 34 million have decreased bone mass. More than 1.5 million fractures, primarily vertebrae, hip, and forearm, occur…

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Neurogenic Bladder

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Neurogenic Bladder

Abstract Normal bladder physiology is a complex system of receptor types and nervous system innervation. Regardless of the specific neurologic condition or injury, disruptions along many portions of the central…

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Osteoarthritis

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Osteoarthritis

Abstract Once thought to be a degenerative joint condition limited to the degeneration of cartilage, osteoarthritis (OA) is now known to be a complex combination of genetic, metabolic, biomechanical, and…

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Myopathies

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Myopathies

Abstract Myopathy refers to diseases derived from the muscle. Myopathies have different causes and may have acute, subacute, or chronic clinical presentations. They are progressive but have different time courses…

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Movement Disorders

Jul 6, 2019 by in PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Comments Off on Movement Disorders

Abstract This chapter explores the diverse and complex disease states encountered in the central nervous system that result in abnormal human movement. The incidence and occurrence of movement disorders vary…

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