Emerging Therapies for Gout

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Emerging Therapies for Gout

Over the past decade much has been learned about the mechanisms of crystal-induced inflammation and renal excretion of uric acid, which has led to more specific targeting of gout therapies…

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Long-Term Management of Gout

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Long-Term Management of Gout

Gout is a common disorder with clinical signs and symptoms resulting from inflammatory responses to monosodium urate crystals deposited in tissues from extracellular fluids saturated for urate. Long-term management of…

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Nonpharmacologic and Pharmacologic Management of CPP Crystal Arthritis and BCP Arthropathy and Periarticular Syndromes

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Nonpharmacologic and Pharmacologic Management of CPP Crystal Arthritis and BCP Arthropathy and Periarticular Syndromes

Calcium crystal arthritis is often unrecognized, poorly managed, and few effective therapies are available. The most common types of calcium crystals causing musculoskeletal syndromes are calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) and basic…

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Treatment of Acute Gout

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Treatment of Acute Gout

This article presents an overview of the treatment of acute gout. Nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatments, monotherapy versus combination therapy, suggested recommendations, guidelines for treatment, and drugs under development are discussed….

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The Structural Consequences of Calcium Crystal Deposition

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on The Structural Consequences of Calcium Crystal Deposition

Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and basic calcium phosphate (BCP) crystals are the most common calcium-containing crystals associated with rheumatic disease. Clinical manifestations of calcium crystal deposition include acute or chronic inflammatory…

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Structural Joint Damage in Gout

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Structural Joint Damage in Gout

This article summarizes the structural damage that is observed in advanced gout and current understanding of the mechanisms by which this damage occurs. Interactions between monosodium urate crystals and cells…

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The Genetic Basis of Gout

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on The Genetic Basis of Gout

Gout results from deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. Elevated serum urate concentrations (hyperuricemia) are not sufficient for the development of disease. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 28 loci…

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Imaging in the Crystal Arthropathies

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Imaging in the Crystal Arthropathies

Imaging in the crystal arthropathies has undergone great advances in the past decade, with newer techniques having additional benefits for assisting diagnosis, predicting prognosis, and monitoring the treatment of these…

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Diagnosis and Clinical Manifestations of Calcium Pyrophosphate and Basic Calcium Phosphate Crystal Deposition Diseases

Sep 28, 2017 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Diagnosis and Clinical Manifestations of Calcium Pyrophosphate and Basic Calcium Phosphate Crystal Deposition Diseases

Basic calcium phosphate and pyrophosphate calcium crystals are the 2 main calcium-containing crystals that can deposit in all skeletal tissues. These calcium crystals give rise to numerous manifestations, including acute…

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