17 Biomechanics of the Foot

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 17 Biomechanics of the Foot

10.1055/b-0036-140432 17 Biomechanics of the Foot The foot has static, kinematic, and dynamic functions. It carries the weight of the body, which is distributed roughly equally to both feet in…

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1 Basic Concepts from Physics and Mechanics

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 1 Basic Concepts from Physics and Mechanics

10.1055/b-0036-140416 1 Basic Concepts from Physics and Mechanics Basic concepts like force, torque (also termed moment of force, or, for short, just moment), mechanical stress, energy, or work are unambiguously…

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18 Gait

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 18 Gait

10.1055/b-0036-140433 18 Gait The underlying causes of pathological gait vary widely. It may be that the muscles do not generate sufficient force, or they do not tolerate the strains required,…

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16 Mechanical Aspects of the Shoulder

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 16 Mechanical Aspects of the Shoulder

10.1055/b-0036-140431 16 Mechanical Aspects of the Shoulder The upper extremity is designed to fulfill a large variety of tasks. The “link chain” of upper arm, lower arm, and hand permits…

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13 Mechanical Aspects of the Hip Joint

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 13 Mechanical Aspects of the Hip Joint

10.1055/b-0036-140428 13 Mechanical Aspects of the Hip Joint Healthy human beings take between one hundred thousand and several million steps per year, and peak values of the load on the…

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4 Vector Algebra

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 4 Vector Algebra

10.1055/b-0036-140419 4 Vector Algebra Some physical quantities are comprehensively described by a single number, in some cases in combination with a positive or negative sign. Such quantities are termed scalars….

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14 Mechanical Aspects of the Knee Joint

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 14 Mechanical Aspects of the Knee Joint

10.1055/b-0036-140429 14 Mechanical Aspects of the Knee Joint 14.1 Features Common to All Joints: The Example of the Knee Joint Irrespective of the diversity of their outward appearance, the movable…

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9 Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle

Jun 3, 2020 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on 9 Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle

10.1055/b-0036-140424 9 Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle Muscles are biological machines that convert chemical energy, derived from the reaction between food substrate and oxygen, into mechanical work and heat….

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