Paget’s Disease of Bone

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Paget’s Disease of Bone

Paget’s Disease of Bone John H. Healey Andrea Piccioli Originally called osteitis deformans, Paget’s disease of bone (PDB) is a disease characterized clinically by inflammatory and mechanical bone/joint pain and…

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Osteoporosis

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Alexander Krawiecki Joseph M. Lane Joseph L. Barker KEY POINTS Osteoporosis (OP) is often undertreated and underrecognized. The best way to avoid the complications of OP is to take…

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Osteoarthritis

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis John F. Beary III Michael E. Luggen KEY POINTS Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common musculoskeletal problem in patients older than 50 years, and affects 21 million Americans. OA…

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Osteonecrosis

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Osteonecrosis

Osteonecrosis John H. Healey Andrea Piccioli Osteonecrosis (ON) is defined as the death in situ of a segment of bone. Avascular necrosis (AVN), aseptic necrosis, and bone infarction are terms…

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Rheumatic Fever

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic Fever Allan Gibofsky John B. Zabriskie KEY POINTS Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a systemic rheumatic disease that occurs in a genetically susceptible individual following streptococcal pharyngitis. The streptococcal…

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Whipple’s Disease

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Whipple’s Disease

Whipple’s Disease Stephen A. Paget Kristina Belostocki KEY POINTS Whipple’s disease (WD) is a rare multisystem syndrome caused by the gram-positive actinomycete Tropheryma whippelii. The clinical manifestations of WD include…

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Osteomyelitis

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis Juliet Aizer Barry D. Brause KEY POINTS The diagnosis of osteomyelitis is dependent upon understanding the pathogenetic mechanisms involved in the three routes of infection: hematogenous osteomyelitis, introduced infection,…

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Lyme Disease

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease Anne R. Bass Steven K. Magid KEY POINTS Lyme disease is caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. In endemic areas, B. burgdorferi is transmitted by the bite of…

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Infectious Arthritis

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Infectious Arthritis

Infectious Arthritis Barry D. Brause Juliet Aizer KEY POINTS Septic arthritis should be diagnosed and appropriately treated with urgency to reduce the risk of permanent loss of joint function. The…

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Jul 29, 2016 by in RHEUMATOLOGY Comments Off on Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Edward Parrish INTRODUCTION A number of musculoskeletal complaints and inflammatory phenomena develop in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). These patients are exposed to a…

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