Osteochondral Lesions of Talus

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Osteochondral Lesions of Talus

KEY FACTS • The natural history of osteochondral lesions of the talus appears to be fairly benign, especially as it relates to the risk of the development of arthritis. ○…

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Talus Fractures

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Talus Fractures

KEY FACTS • The talus is the 2nd most commonly fractured tarsal bone (after the calcaneus). • The blood supply of the talus can be tenuous, as there are limited…

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Ankle Instability

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Ankle Instability

KEY FACTS Ankle Instability • Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries seen by orthopaedic surgeons. • A variety of pathologies can result from an ankle sprain mechanism. These…

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Other Tendon Disorders

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Other Tendon Disorders

KEY FACTS • Tendon pathology is most commonly related to the degenerative process of tendinosis, as is seen in the Achilles and posterior tibial tendons. • While tendonitis is a…

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Achilles Tendinosis and Rupture

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Achilles Tendinosis and Rupture

KEY FACTS Achilles Tendinosis • Achilles tendinosis can be noninsertional or insertional, although it is the same pathology, i.e., degenerative tendinopathy. • Insertional tendinopathy can be associated with a Haglund…

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Anatomy and Biomechanics

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Anatomy and Biomechanics

KEY FACTS • The foot and ankle comprise a complex “machine” consisting of 26 bones and joints working together. The individual parts do not work in isolation. • The ankle…

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Lesser Toe Disorders and Metatarsalgia

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Lesser Toe Disorders and Metatarsalgia

KEY FACTS • An interdependent system of dynamic, static, and bony restraints is responsible for the maintenance of normal toe alignment and stability. • Given the relatively small size of…

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Hallux Valgus

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Hallux Valgus

KEY FACTS Hallux Valgus • Hallux valgus is defined principally by the intermetatarsal angle; the distal metatarsal articular angle can also weigh on treatment decisions; the hallux valgus angle is…

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Ankle Arthritis

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Ankle Arthritis

KEY FACTS • The most common etiology of ankle arthritis is posttraumatic. • The ankle bears the highest load per surface area of any joint in the body, yet has…

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Flatfoot

Oct 29, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Flatfoot

KEY FACTS • Arch height is widely variable in the population. A “low-arched foot” is not necessarily pathologic. • Acquired flatfoot refers to an abnormal loss of the arch with…

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