General Principles of Initial Care

Sep 30, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on General Principles of Initial Care

Orthopedic injuries are common presentations to the emergency department. Most injuries are traumatic in nature, resulting in pain and deformity. Emergency medicine physicians need to be able to recognize the…

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Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)

Abstract Adhesive capsulitis, or frozen shoulder, is a common orthopaedic disorder characterized by shoulder pain followed by progressive loss of both active and passive range of motion (ROM) of the…

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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Abstract Shoulder impingement is a common source of gradual-onset shoulder pain, accounting for 44-65% of shoulder pain cases. It is mainly caused by repetitive overhead activities, osteophyte formation, or weakness…

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Biceps Tendon Injury

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Biceps Tendon Injury

Abstract Proximal bicep tendon injuries are seen in active individuals, especially overhead athletes. Injuries to the proximal long head biceps tendon range from overuse (tendinitis) to complete rupture. Physical exam…

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The Overhead-Throwing Athlete

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on The Overhead-Throwing Athlete

Abstract There are many sports that involve overhead throwing, such as baseball, softball, cricket, football, soccer, water polo, javelin throw, as well as many others. Throwing is a complex motion…

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Imaging of the Musculoskeletal System

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Imaging of the Musculoskeletal System

Abstract Diagnostic imaging plays a central role in the evaluation of most types of orthopaedic conditions. Radiography has been a mainstay in orthopaedics since its inception, and advanced imaging modalities…

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Multidirectional Shoulder Instability

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Multidirectional Shoulder Instability

Abstract Multidirectional shoulder instability is defined as symptomatic instability of the glenohumeral joint, usually associated with joint capsule laxity. Repetitive microtrauma or congenital hyperlaxity can contribute to the development of…

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Trauma: Principles of Fracture Management

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Trauma: Principles of Fracture Management

Abstract The identification and proper management of fracture is a critical component of musculoskeletal care. This chapter provides an overview on fracture management, summarizing the basic principles of physical exam,…

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Pain Management: Chronic Pain

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Pain Management: Chronic Pain

Abstract Chronic pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience arising from actual or potential damage to tissue, lasting longer than 3 months. An increasingly common clinical diagnosis,…

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Tumors

Sep 17, 2019 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Tumors

Abstract A tumor can be thought of as any mass in the soft tissues or bone that otherwise should not be there. Orthopaedic oncology specializes in the diagnosis and treatment…

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