Basic Science

Jun 28, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Basic Science

1 Basic Science Raymond Hsu, Matthew E. Deren, and Richard M. Terek I. Bone and Joint Physiology 1. Cell types (Table 1.1, Fig. 1.1) • Osteoblasts a. Originate from mesenchymal…

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Biomechanics and Biostatistics

Jun 28, 2018 by in ORTHOPEDIC Comments Off on Biomechanics and Biostatistics

12 Biomechanics and Biostatistics Gregory R. Waryasz and Michael J. Rainbow I. Newtonian Mechanics 1. Vectors and scalars • Vector (Fig. 12.1) a. Magnitude and direction (orientation) b. Direction specified…

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Examination and Treatment of Muscle Injuries

Jun 9, 2018 by in SPORT MEDICINE Comments Off on Examination and Treatment of Muscle Injuries

Considerations in the Diagnosis of Injury When making a diagnosis, the first step is to differentiate between different categories of injury—particularly between indirect and direct muscle injuries, and between functional…

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Knee Injuries

Jun 9, 2018 by in SPORT MEDICINE Comments Off on Knee Injuries

Knee Anatomy The knee joint is the largest synovial joint in the body, primarily allowing flexion and extension, but also some degree of internal and external rotation in the flexed…

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Groin Injuries

Jun 9, 2018 by in SPORT MEDICINE Comments Off on Groin Injuries

Groin Anatomy The two hip bones—the os coxae—are connected to the spine at the sacroiliac joints and to the lower extremities at the hip joints. Anteriorly, the hip bones join…

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Ankle Injuries

Jun 9, 2018 by in SPORT MEDICINE Comments Off on Ankle Injuries

Ankle Anatomy The ankle joint (talocrural joint) is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal tibia and fibula with the proximal talus, allowing mainly flexion and extension motion, but…

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Overview of Football Injuries

Jun 9, 2018 by in SPORT MEDICINE Comments Off on Overview of Football Injuries

The Value of Statistics to the Team and the Team Doctor Injuries and players’ fitness are one of the most important areas in football—a sport where analysis of evidence-based statistics…

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Overuse Injuries

Jun 9, 2018 by in SPORT MEDICINE Comments Off on Overuse Injuries

Etiology and Pathogenesis Overuse injuries in football are defined as having an insidious onset of symptoms, without any (macro)trauma. 5 A typical example of the early stages of musculoskeletal overuse…

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