5. Fracture-Dislocations

Case 5


History and Physical Examination


A 73-year-old woman presents several hours after an injury sustained during a fall on her outstretched arm. She reports poor function and moderate to severe pain since the injury. She denies any numbness or weakness in the upper extremity but has limited motion.


Range of motion is limited to 10 degrees of forward flexion and no external rotation. She is neurovascularly intact, with a strong 2+ radial and ulnar pulse. Her axillary nerve sensation is intact as well. She has moderate swelling about the shoulder and painful crepitus to any range of motion.


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Figure 5–1. An anteroposterior (AP) radiograph of the affected shoulder.


Differential Diagnosis


1. Proximal humerus fracture


2. Fracture-dislocation of the proximal humerus


3. Shoulder dislocation


4. Rotator cuff tear


Radiologic Findings


An anteroposterior (AP) radiograph of the shoulder was obtained (Fig. 5–1).



PITFALLS


• Failure to obtain an axillary or scapular Y view may result in failure to appreciate a posterior fracture-dislocation.


• Failure to recognize a nondis-placed fracture line through the surgical neck or tuberosity may result in displacement when repeated attempts at closed reduction are attempted in the emergency room.


• Prolonged immobilization following a fracture-dislocation will likely result in moderate to severe limitations of motion, making early mobilization particularly important with these injuries.


Diagnosis


Fracture-Dislocation of the Proximal Humerus.

Jan 28, 2017 | Posted by in ORTHOPEDIC | Comments Off on 5. Fracture-Dislocations
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