48. Olecranon Bursitis

Case 48


History and Physical Examination


A 55-year-old right-hand-dominant man presents with a 2-week history of posterior elbow pain and swelling without a predisposing event or injury. He complains primarily of redness and pain at the posterior elbow, as well as a prominent swelling. He denies any systemic symptoms such as fever or chills.


Range of motion of the elbow is normal, but the patient reports pain with maximum elbow flexion. Range of motion is otherwise painless. The patient has normal stability of the elbow and is neurovascularly intact. A 3 × 4 × 2 cm mildly erythermatous and locally warm fluid-filled mass is present posteriorly over the olecranon process. This mass is mildly to moderately tender to palpation. Surrounding erythema and mild induration is present. No skin lesions or abrasions are seen (Fig. 48–1).


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Figure 48–1. Photograph of the affected elbow.


Differential Diagnosis


1. Triceps tendon rupture


2. Olecranon fracture


3. Olecranon bursitis


4. Posterior elbow tumor


Radiologic Findings


Anteroposterior (AP) and lateral radiographs are normal, except for soft tissue swelling in the posterior elbow.




PITFALL


• If an olecranon osteophyte is to be removed at the same time the olecranon bursa is excised, a minifluoroscopic unit or intra-operative radiograph is recommended to confirm complete removal of the osteophyte. These osteophytes can sometimes be difficult to palpate deep to the triceps tendon and radiographs are helpful.


Diagnosis


Olecranon Bursitis. Olecranon bursitis is diagnosed based on a fluid-filled mass and localized tenderness in the area of the olecranon bursa. Olecranon bursitis occurs very commonly and is sometimes related to a traumatic event. It is usually very apparent and easily diagnosed, but difficulty is sometimes encountered in differentiating a septic from an aseptic bursitis. Signs of systemic involvement, such as fever or chills, favor a septic etiology. Also, any evidence of an abrasion or skin injury around the bursa may allow for the introduction of bacteria into the bursa. If the fluid collection is large enough to cause significant activity restrictions, is very painful, or septic etiology is suspected, then aspiration of the bursa is recommended.

Jan 28, 2017 | Posted by in ORTHOPEDIC | Comments Off on 48. Olecranon Bursitis
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