The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, in children is on the rise. Pediatric patients with IBD are especially vulnerable to the physical and psychosocial morbidities of this disorder. Unique aspects of pediatric IBD patients compared to adult patients warrants an individualized approach to management regardless of age. This review focuses on the special aspects of pediatric IBD and the implications for the diagnosis and management of this disease.
The number of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is on the increase.
Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis, the main subtypes of this intestinal inflammatory disease, affect both children and adults.
Children are developing physically, emotionally, and immunologically. The interface between this development and IBD affects presentation, diagnosis, and management.
This review focuses on the special aspects of pediatric IBD and how these influence management of children with IBD.