Principles of hospital infection control

37. Principles of hospital infection control

Hospitalized patients are more likely to develop infections as a result of invasive procedures (e.g. surgery), use of medical devices (e.g. intravascular catheters) and impaired host defences through underlying diseases, treatment or extremes of age. A breakdown in infection control practices increases the spread of typical hospital microorganism such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Clostridium difficile and norovirus.

In England, the prevalence of hospital-acquired infection (HAI; nosocomial) in 2006 was 8.2%. These infections (Fig. 3.37.1) increase patient’s morbidity, mortality, length of stay and add to the economic burden. It is estimated that approximately 5000 patients die as a result of HAIs in the UK each year.

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Jul 3, 2016 | Posted by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE | Comments Off on Principles of hospital infection control

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