Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

15. Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae are the most important mycobateria causing infections in humans, although there are a number of atypical mycobacteria that can also cause disease (Table 3.15.1).


Species Source Disease
M. tuberculosis complex
M. tuberculosis Human Tuberculosis
M. bovis Animals Tuberculosis
M. africanum Human Tuberculosis
M. microti Animals Tuberculosis
M. leprae Human Leprosy (Hansen’s disease)
Atypical mycobacteria (non-tuberculous mycobacteria)
M. avium–intracellulare Birds Pneumonia, diarrhoea in the immunosuppressed
M. kansasii Environment Pneumonia in the immunosuppressed
M. marinum Fresh water Skin granuloma
M. ulcerans Environment Buruli ulcer (Africa)

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Jul 3, 2016 | Posted by in MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE | Comments Off on Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

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