Femur, distal



10.1055/b-0034-87642

Femur, distal


Classification




  • The Müller AO Classification 412


Introduction




  • 18.1 Femur, distal—introduction Suthorn Bavonratanavech, Reto Babst 413



  • 1 Introduction 413



  • 1.1 Incidence 413



  • 1.2 Current methods of treatment 413



  • 1.3 Indications and contraindications for MIPO 413



  • 2 Surgical anatomy 414



  • 3 Preoperative assessment and timing for surgery 415



  • 4 Preoperative planning 415



  • 5 Operating room setup 417



  • 5.1 Anesthesia 417



  • 5.2 Patient and image intensifier positioning 417



  • 5.3 Implants and instruments 417



  • 6 Operative procedure 419



  • 6.1 Surgical approach 419



  • 6.2 Reduction and fixation of the articular fractures 420



  • 6.3 Reduction of the metaphyseal/diaphyseal fracture component 421



  • 6.4 Fixation of the metaphyseal/diaphyseal fracture component 421



  • 7 Postoperative care and rehabilitation 424



  • 8 Pitfalls 424



  • 9 Pearls 425



  • 10 Reference 426



  • 11 Further reading 426


Cases




  • 18.2 Femur, distal: partial articular fracture of the medial condyle—33-B2 and spiral wedge shaft fracture—32-B1 Suthorn Bavonratanavech 427



  • 18.3 Femur, distal: extraarticular simple fracture—33-A1.2 Reto Babst 435



  • 18.4 Femur, distal: extraarticular simple fracture—32-A1.3/33-A1.2 Reto Babst 441



  • 18.5 Femur, distal: intraarticular fracture—32-C3/33-C3 Reto Babst 447



  • 18.6 Femur, distal: intraarticular fracture—33-C3 Theerachai Apivatthakakul 453



Classification


The Müller AO Classification is used for classification of fractures of the distal femur. The distal femur is designated by the number 33. Type 33-A are extraarticular fractures, type 33-B partial articular fractures, and type 33-C complete articular fractures.



The Müller AO Classification

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Jul 2, 2020 | Posted by in ORTHOPEDIC | Comments Off on Femur, distal
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