A 49-year-old woman injured her left lower leg in a high-energy motor vehicle accident and sustained a Gustilo-Anderson type I complex segmental fracture of the tibial shaft. There were no associated neurological or vascular problems.
Indication for MIPO
In this case, the fracture can be treated by plating or nailing by the principle of relative stability. When plating is used, MIPO should be considered as this helps to preserve the blood supply of the fracture fragments.
Once a decision has been made that the case is suitable for MIPO, a good preoperative plan helps facilitate the subsequent execution of the surgical procedure. The plan should include a graphic representation of the fracture fragments, the surgical approach, the reduction technique, the most appropriate implant, and the steps required in its application (Fig 20.5-2).
Operating room setup
General or regional anesthesia may be used, depending on the patient‘s condition. In this case general anesthesia was used.